Transformer Primary Conductors Calculation - Electrician Talk - Professional Electrical Contractors Forum
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 05-23-2019, 12:40 PM #1 Junior Member   Join Date: Apr 2019 Location: USA Posts: 7 Rewards Points: 14 Transformer Primary Conductors Calculation Hey Guys, We have a Solar system installed with the following specs: - Voltage: 480 V - Current: 1080 A This is fed into the secondary of the 1000 kVA transformer with 4kV on the primary whose spec. is: kVA= (1.732 x 480 x 1080)/1000 = 897.895 kVA (1000 kVA is used) From this the primary current will be: I = 897.995*1000/1.732*4000 = 129.6 A The primary is interconnected to the grid The POCO asked us to use a 2/0 wire for the primary, but I wanted to verify this so, Can someone please provide a step by step process to calculate the conductor size for the primary according to NEC? Thanks in Advance
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 05-23-2019, 04:13 PM #2 Senior Member   Join Date: Nov 2012 Location: Philly/NJ Posts: 560 Rewards Points: 888 you gota use what the POCO wants, they have their own guidelines for services and they do not necessarily use the NEC. around here u can use #2 awg Cooper MV cable for that load.
 The Following User Says Thank You to Tonedeaf For This Useful Post: The_Electrician (05-23-2019)
05-23-2019, 04:34 PM   #3
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 Originally Posted by Tonedeaf you gota use what the POCO wants, they have their own guidelines for services and they do not necessarily use the NEC. around here u can use #2 awg Cooper MV cable for that load.
Hey, Thank you, did you come up with #2 using 310.15(B)(16) 90 degree Temp.? Also, do I have to install a primary side protection for even if I am connecting directly to the utility line?

05-23-2019, 04:46 PM   #4
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 Originally Posted by The_Electrician Hey, Thank you, did you come up with #2 using 310.15(B)(16) 90 degree Temp.? Also, do I have to install a primary side protection for even if I am connecting directly to the utility line?

we have to use 15KV cable and terminations for 4160V....utililites around here don't want to stock 5kv stuff and they are trying to phase out 4160.

15KV XPLE #2 awg cooper xple or epr is good for 150-165 amps in duct. I think its 90 table

05-23-2019, 05:04 PM   #5
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 Originally Posted by Tonedeaf we have to use 15KV cable and terminations for 4160V....utililites around here don't want to stock 5kv stuff and they are trying to phase out 4160. 15KV XPLE #2 awg cooper xple or epr is good for 150-165 amps in duct. I think its 90 table
Now I got it!, I couldn't find table 90 is it in article 310?

 05-23-2019, 05:15 PM #6 Senior Member   Join Date: Nov 2012 Location: Philly/NJ Posts: 560 Rewards Points: 888 https://www.mysouthwire.com/medias/s...4088417310.pdf here's tables from southwire 90 degree induct #2 good for 150 amps
 The Following User Says Thank You to Tonedeaf For This Useful Post: The_Electrician (05-23-2019)
05-23-2019, 05:25 PM   #7
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 Originally Posted by Tonedeaf here's tables from southwire 90 degree induct #2 good for 150 amps
Thanks man, appreciate it. I have one more doubt, Do I have to have a primary protection for the transformer like a service disconnect even if I connect the primary of the transformer directly to 4kV line of the utility?

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